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Thread: SECOND WORLD WAR - Airfield Ground Lighting Identification

  1. #1
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    Default SECOND WORLD WAR - Airfield Ground Lighting Identification

    The discussion thread for this archive is HERE


    Permanent Airfield Ground lighting (electric) used during WWII was of four distinct types:

    1) Contact Lighting (C/L) was a medium-intensity system which was visible from all angles, i.e. it was not discrete.
    Installed on around 160 airfields only, it was intended to assist aircraft to land in poor visibility conditions in conjunction with a radio / radar beam landing system.
    The runway lamps were 44 or 64 watts, and the fittings were installed at 16 metre intervals in the runway edge, or just outside if the system was retrospective.
    It was installed on main runway only, and a 'box' of four floodlamps just off the end of the runway formed a rudimentary approach system.
    Confusingly there were three variations, Mk.1 to Mk.3. There were also several types of runway fittings C1, C2, C3 etc. which are not related in any way to the variations.

    Below: 1940 'Star' style in runway edge at Silloth. Lens removed. The C2 fitting is similar.


    Below: C3 Fitting (1942 'Compact' style) at runway intersection at Llandow. Lens intact.


    See HERE for further information
    ================================================== =======================================

    2) 'Airfield Lighting (AFL), usually known as Drem (from where it originated) was used on the majority of operational and training stations, amongst others (450ish in total).
    It was a low-intensity low-visibility (discrete) system intended for use on clear nights when there was a possibility of intrusion from the Luftwaffe.
    Three variations were used, Mk.1 to Mk.3, of which the Mk.2 is by far the most common.
    The runway lamps were 15 watts and were installed at 48 metre intervals again in the runway edge, or just outside if the system was retrospective.
    Most stations (especially all Bomber Command) were also fitted with comprehensive approach systems known as Funnels, plus a huge 20km circumference Outer Circle of lights surrounding the airfield to allow aircraft to orbit. Approach / circle lights were 120 watts. All runways were fitted with the system.

    Below: Drem Mk.2 - C6 Flarepath, C5 800yd Crossbar, coloured filters, reflector and 15w pygmy well-glass fitting

    ================================================== =======================================

    3) 'High Lighting' (HILV) was installed on 70 airfields by the USAAF from 1944 onwards, principally on their airfields, plus a few RAF.
    It was an elevated high-intensity system which was officially called High-Intensity, Low-Visibility. I am unconvinced about the latter (LV) since it could be seen over 360 degrees. 200 watt lamps were used.
    It was intended primarily to assist aircraft operating in poor daylight conditions, but was dimmable for night use.
    The complex lighting units were spaced at 60 metre intervals and 5 metres out from the runway edge, and extended on poles for further 800 metres at each end of the runway to form an approach avenue. Main runway only. The Americans often referred to it as the Bartow system after the inventor Jack Bartow, a renowned US aviator.

    Below: A Bartow 'Beam Controlled' HILV lamp mounted adjacent to the main runway. (Very rare) See also here


    ================================================== =======================================

    4) Other specialised systems, including temporary, Fleet Air Arm (Naval), and flying boat bases.
    FAA systems were similar to Drem Mk.2.
    Many Drem systems were upgraded from 1942 onward by the addition of High-Intensity sodium lamps used in the approach, and (some) flarepath lamps.

    ================================================== =======================================

    All dimensions quoted above are 'ideal' and variation was very common. Airfield allocation lists to follow.
    Last edited by Paul Francis; 01-12-2013 at 23:31.

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    Default Re: WWII Airfield Ground Lighting Identification

    Some Common (and not so common) ground lights (1936 - 1956)



    The Drem Mk.1 lights, and the Contact C1 fittting are extremely rare.
    Last edited by Carnaby; 21-07-2009 at 14:54. Reason: Restore diagram

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    Default Re: WWII Airfield Ground Lighting Identification

    The list below shows the permanent ground lighting status for 750 WWII airfields. For each station the Airfield Lighting (A) and Contact Lighting (C) status is depicted. The airfields known to have HILV systems are listed HERE.

    The AFL status is from AIR10/4039 at December 1944.
    Abbreviations are: 1=Drem Mk.1, 2=Drem Mk.2, 3=Drem Mk.3, m=modified, fb=flying boat, nav=Naval, s=special, x=no permanent electric system installed.

    The Contact Lighting status is from AIR2/5500 (unfortunately not good, but the best found to date) which shows the status at late 1943.
    Abbreviations are: co=complete and operational, wip=partially complete, req=required asap, dd=decision deferred, x=definitely not required, z=no data- but certainly not required.
    It is known that some 'x' stations did have the system; these are shown as 'ext' for extant. It is likely that some 'req' stations were not equipped due to cost / time, and the subsequent installation of the superior HILV system. (ext also confirms the installation on a 'required' site)

    A '?' means no information has been found. As a example below, Abbotsinch had Naval Airfield Lighting. and Contact Lighting was not required, Abingdon had Drem Mk.2 and complete/operational Contact Lighting. There will be errors - feedback most welcome.

    Abbots Bromley: Ax, Cz. Abbotsinch: Anav, Cx. Aberporth: Ax, C?. Abingdon: A2, Cco. Acaster Malbis: A2, Cx. Acklington: A2, Cco. Akeman Street: Ax, Cz. Alconbury: A2, Cx. Aldergrove: A2, Cx. Aldermaston: A2, Creq. Alness: Afb, Cz. Alton Barnes: Ax, Cz. Andover: A1, Cx. Andreas: A2, Cx. Andrews Field: A2, Cx. Angle: A2, C?. Annan: A2, Cx. Ansty: A?, Cx. Anthorn: Ax, Cz. Appledram: Ax, Cz. Arbroath: Anav, Cz. Ashbourne: A2, Cwip. Ashford: Ax, Cz. Aston Down: Ax, Cx. Atcham: A2, Cx. Attlebridge: A2, Cx. Ayr: A2, Cco. Babdown Farm: A2, Cx. Baginton: Ax, C?. Balado Bridge: Ax, Cx. Balderton: A2, Cx. Ballyhalbert: A2, Cdd. Ballykelly: A2, Creq. Ballywalter: Ax, Cz. Balmain: A?, Cz. Banff: A2, Creq. Bardney: A2, Cx. Barford St John: A2, Creq. Barkston Heath: A2, Cx. Barnsley Park: Ax, Cz. Barrow: Ax, Cx. Barton: A?, Cz. Barton Abbey: Ax, Cz. Barton Bendish: A?, Cz. Barton-in-le-Clay: A?, Cz. Bassingbourn: A2, Cco. Battlestead Hill: Ax, Cz. Beaulieu: A2, Cx. Beaumaris: A?, Cz. Beccles: A2, Cx. Beechwood Park: Ax, Cz. Belfast: Ax, C?. Bellasize: Ax, Cz. Benbecula: A2, Cwip. Benson: A2, Cx. Bentwaters: A2, C?. Berrow: Ax, Cz. Bibury: Ax, Cz. Bicester: Ax, Cx. Biggin Hill: Ax, Cx. Binbrook: A2, Creq. Birch: A2, Cx. Bircham Newton: Ax, Cx. Bircotes: Ax, C?. Bishops Court: A2, Cx. Bisterne: Ax, Cz. Bitteswell: A2, Cx. Black Isle: Ax, Cz. Blackbushe: A2, Creq. Blakehill Farm: A2, Cx. Blidworth: Ax, Cz. Blyton: A2, Cx. Bodney: A1, Cx. Bodorgan: Ax, Cz. Bognor: Ax, Cz. Bolt Head: Ax, Cz. Booker: Ax, Cx. Boreham: A2, Cx. Boscombe Down: A2, Cco. Bottesford: A2, Cco. Bottisham: A2, Cx. Boulmer: Ax, Cx. Bourn: A2, Creq. Bovingdon: A2, Creq. Bowmore: A?, Cz. Boxted: A2, Creq. Brackla: Ax, Cx. Bradwell Bay: A2, Cco?(ext). Bramcote: A1, Creq. Bratton: Ax, Cz. Braunstone: Ax, Cz. Brawdy: A2, Cx. Bray: Ax, Cz. Brayton Pk / Hall: Ax, Cz. Breighton: A2, Cx. Brenzett: Ax, Cz. Bridleway Gate: Ax, C?. Brinklow: Ax, Cz. Brize Norton: A2, Cx. Broadwell: A2, Cx, but ext!. Brockton: Ax, Cz. Brough: Ax, Cx. Bruntingthorpe: A2, Creq. Brunton: Ax, Cdd. Bungay: A2, Cx. Burn: A2, Cwip. Burnfoot: Ax, Cz. Burscough: Anav, Cz. Burtonwood: Ax, Cx. Bury-St Edmunds: A2, Creq. Bush Barn: Ax, Cz. Caistor: Ax, C?. Calshot: A?, Cz. Calveley: A2, Cx. Cambridge: Ax, Cx. Cammeringham: Ax, Cx. Campbeltown: Ax, C?. Cardiff: Ax, C?. Cardington: A?, Cz. Carew Cheriton: A2, Cx. Cark: A2, Cx. Carlisle: Ax, Cx. Carnaby: A2s, Creq. Castle Archdale: A?, C?. Castle Bromwich: Ax, C?. Castle Camps: A2, Creq. Castle Combe: A2, C?. Castle Donnington: A2, Cx. Castle Kennedy: A2, Cx. Castletown: Ax, C?. Catfoss: A2, Cx. Catterick: A2, C?. Caxton Gibbet: Ax, Cz. Chailey: Ax, Cz. Chalgrove: A2, Cx. Charlton Horethorne: Ax, Cz. Charmy Down: A2, C?. Charterhall: A2, Creq. Chedburgh: A2, Cx. Cheddington: A2, Creq. Chedworth: Ax, Cx. Chelveston: A2, Cx. Chepstow: Ax, Cz. Chetwynd: Ax, Cx. Chilbolton: A2, C?. Chipping Norton: Ax, C?. Chipping Ongar: A2, Creq+ext. Chipping Warden: A2, Creq. Chivenor: A2, Cco. Christchurch: Ax, Cz. Church Broughton: A2, Creq. Church Fenton: A2, Creq. Church Lawford: A2, Creq. Cleave: Ax, Cz. Cluntoe: A2, Creq. Clyffe Pypard: Ax, Cx. Coleby Grange: A2, Cco. Colerne: A2, Creq. Collyweston: A2, Cz. Coltishall: A2, Creq. Condover: A3, C?. Coningsby: A2, Creq. Connel: Ax, C?. Coolham: Ax, Cz. Cosford: Ax, Cx. Cottam: A2, Cx. Cottesmore: A1, Cx. Cowdray Park: Ax, Cz. Crail: Anav-m, Cz. Cranage: A2, C?. Cranfield: A2, Cco. Cranwell (North): Ax, Cx. Cranwell (South): Ax, Cx. Crimond: Anav, Cz. Croft: A2, Cx. Crosby-on-Eden: A2, Cx. Croughton: A2, C?. Croydon: A1, C?. Culdrose: A?, Cz. Culham: Ax, Cz. Culmhead: Ax, C?. Dalcross: A2, Cx?. Dale: A2m, Cx. Dallachy: A2, C?. Dalton: A2, Cco. Darley Moor: A2, C?. Davidstow Moor: A2, Creq. Deanland: Ax, Cz. Debach: A2, Cx. Debden: A2, Cco. Deenethorpe: A2, Cx. Defford: A2, Creq. Denham: Ax, Cz. Denton: Ax, Cz. Deopham Green: A2, Cx. Derby: Ax, Cx. Desborough: A2, Creq. Desford: Ax, Cx. Detling: Ax, C?. Digby: A2, C?. Dishforth: A1, Cx. Docking: A2, Creq. Doncaster: Ax, Cx. Donibristle: Ax, Cz. Donna Nook: A1, Cx. Dornoch: Ax, Cz. Dounreay: Ax, Cx. Down Ampney: A2, Cx. Down Farm: Ax, Cz. Downham Market: A2, Cx. Drem: A2, Cdd. Driffield: A1, Cdd. Dumbarton: A?, Cz. Dumfries: A2, Cx. Dundonald: Ax, Cx. Dunholme Lodge: A2, Cx. Dunino: Ax, Cz. Dunkeswell: A2, Creq. Dunsfold: A2, C?. Duxford: Ax, Cco. Dyce: A2, Cco. Earls Colne: A2, Creq. East Fortune: A2, Creq. East Haven: Anav, Cz. East Kirkby: A2, Creq+ext. East Moor: A2, Cco. East Wretham: A2, Cx. Eastchurch: Ax, Cx. Eastleigh: Ax, C?. Edge Hill: A2, Cx. Edzell: Ax, Creq. Eglinton: A2, Cx. Elgin: Ax, Cx. Elmdon: Ax, Cx. Elsham Wolds: A2, Cco. Elvington: A2, Cx. Enstone: A2, Cx. Errol: A2, Creq. Eshott: Ax, Cx. Evanton: A2, Cx. Everleigh: Ax, Cz. Exeter: A2, Creq. Eye: A2, Cx. Fairford: A2, Cx. Fairlop: A2, C?. Fairoaks: Ax, Cx. Fairwood Common: A2, Cwip. Faldingworth: A2, Cx. Farnborough: Ax, Cx. Fearn: Anav, Cz. Felixstowe: A?, Cz. Feltham: A?, Cz. Feltwell: A2, Creq. Fersfield: A2, Cx. Filton: Ax, Cx. Findo Gask: A2, C?. Finmere: A2, Cx. Finningley: A2, Cdd. Firbeck: Ax, Cz. Fiskerton: A2, Cwip. Folkingham: A2, Creq. Ford: A2+nav, Creq. Fordoun: Ax, C?. Forres: Ax, Cx. Foulsham: A2, Creq. Fowlmere: Ax, Cx. Framlingham: A2, Creq. Fraserburgh: A2, Cz. Friston: Ax, Cz. Fulbeck: A2, Cwip. Full Sutton: A2, Creq. Funtington: Ax, Cz. Gamston: A2, Cwip. Gatwick: A2, C?. Gaydon: A2, Cwip. Glatton: A2, Cx. Gosfield: A2, Cx. Gosport: Ax, Cx. Goxhill: A2, Cx. Grafton Underwood: A2, Cx. Grangemouth: Ax, Cx. Gransden Lodge: A2, Creq. Graveley: A2, Cco. Gravesend: A2, C?. Great Ashfield: A2, Cx. Great Dunmow: A2, Creq. Great Massingham: A2, Cdd. Great Orton: A2, Cx. Great Sampford: Ax, C?. Greencastle: A2, Cx. Greenham Common: A2, Creq. Greenock: A?, Cz. Grimsby: A2, Cco. Grimsetter: Ax, Cz. Grove: A2, Creq. Grove Park: Ax, Cz. Haldon: Ax, C?. Halesworth: A2, Creq. Halfpenny Green: A2, Creq. Halton: Ax, Cx. Hamble: A?, Cz. Hampstead Norris: A2, Cx. Hardwick: A2, Creq. Hardwick Park: Ax, Cz. Harlaxton: A2m, C?. Harrington: A2, Cx. Harrowbeer: Ax, C?. Harwell: A2, Cco. Hatfield: Ax, C?. Hatston: Ax, Cz. Haverfordwest: A2, Cco. Hawarden: A2, Cx. Hawkinge: Ax, C?. Headcorn: Ax, Cz. Heathrow: As, Cz. Helensburgh: A?, Cz. Hell's Mouth: A?, Cz. Hemswell: A2, Cco. Hendon: Ax, Cdd. Henley: Ax, Cz. Henlow: Ax, Cx. Henstridge: A 2+nav, Cz. Heston: Ax, Cext. Hethel: A2, Creq. Hibaldstow: A2, Cwip. High Ercall: A2, Cco. High Halden: Ax, Cz. High Post: A?, Cz. Hinstock /Ollerton: A2, C?. Hinton-in-the-Hedges: A2, Cx. Hixon: A2, Cx. Hoar Cross: Ax, Cz. Hockley Heath: Ax, Cz. Hodnet: Ax, Cz. Holme: A2, Cco. Holmesley South: A2, Creq. Honeybourne: A2, Cdd. Honiley: A2, Cco. Honington: A1, Creq. Hooton Park: Ax, Cx. Horham: A2, Creq-ext. Hornby Hall: Ax, Cz. Hornchurch: Ax, C?. Horne: Ax, Cz. Horsham St Faith: A2, Creq. Hucclecotte: A?, Cz. Hucknall: Ax, Cx. Hullavington: A2, Cco. Hunsdon: A2, Creq. Hurn: A2, Creq. Husbands Bosworth: A2, Cx. Hutton Cranswick: A2, C?. Hutton in the Forest: Ax, Cz. Ibsley: A2, C?. Inskip: Anav, Cz. Inverness: Ax, Cz. Ipswich: Ax, Cz. Jurby: A2, Creq. Keevil: A2, Cx. Kelmscott: A2, Cx. Kelstern: A2, Cx. Kemble: Ax, Cx. Kenley: Ax, C?. Kiddington: Ax, C?. Kidlington: Ax, Cx. Kidsdale: A?, Cz. Killadeas: A?, Cz. Kimbolton: A2, Cco. Kingscliffe: A2, Cx. Kingsnorth: Ax, Cz. Kingston Bagpuize: Ax, Cx. Kinloss: A2, Creq. Kinnel: A2, Cx. Kirkbride: Ax, Cx. Kirkcolm: A?, Cz. Kirkistown: Ax, Cx. Kirknewton: Ax, Cx. Kirkpatrick: Ax, Cz. Kirkton: Ax, Cz. Kirmington: A2, C?. Kirton-in-Lindsey: Ax, Cx. Knettishall: A2, Cx (ext!). Knowsley Park: A?, Cz. Lakenheath: A2, Cco. Langar: A2, Cco. Langford Lodge: Ax, Cx. Langham: A2, Cx. Langley: A?, Cz. Lasham: A2, Creq. Lashenden: Ax, Cz. Lavenham: A2, Cx. Lawrenny Ferry: A?, Cz. Leanach: Ax, Cz. Leavesden: A?, Cz. Leconfield: A2, Cwip. Leeming: A2, Creq. Lee-on-Solent: A2, Cz. Leicester East: A2, Cx. Leiston: A2, Cx. Lennoxlove: Ax, Cz. Leuchars: A1, Cco. Lichfield: A2, Cx. Limavady: A2, Cx. Lindholme: A2, Cco. Linton-on-Ouse: A2, Cco. Lissett: A2, Cwip. Little Horwood: A2, Cx. Little Rissington: A2, Creq. Little Snoring: A2, Cx. Little Staughton: A2, Cx. Little Sutton: Ax, Cx. Little Walden: A2, Cx. Llanbedr: Ax, C?. Llandow: Ax, Cco. Llandwrog: A2, C?. Long Kesh: A2, Cx. Long Marston: A2, Cwip. Long Newnton: A2, C?. Longtown: A2, Cx. Lossiemouth: A2, Cwip. Loughborough: A?, C?. Low Eldrig: Ax, Cz. Ludford Magna: A2, Creq. Ludham: Ax, Cx. Lulsgate Bottom: A2, C?. Luton: A?, C?. Lydd: Ax, C?. Lymington: Ax, Cz. Lympne: Ax, Cz. Lyneham: A2, Creq. Machrihanish: A2+nav, C?. Macmerry: A2, Cx. Madley: Ax, Cx. Maghaberry: A2, Cx. Manby: A2, Cx. Manorbier: Ax, Cz. Manston: A2s, Creq. Marham: A1, Creq. Market Harborough: A2, Creq. Marlborough: A?, Cz. Marston Moor: A2, Cco. Martlesham Heath: A2, Cx. Matching: A2, Cx. Matlask: Ax, Cx. Maydown: Ax, Cz. Meir: A?, C?. Melbourne: A2, Cwip. Melton Mowbray: A2, Creq+ext. Membury: A2, Cx. Mendlesham: A2, Creq. Mepal: A2, Cx. Merryfield: A2, Cx. Merston: Ax, Cz. Metfield: A2, Cx. Metheringham: A2, Cx. Methven: Ax, Cz. Methwold: A2, Cx. Middle Farm: Ax, Cz. Middle Wallop: A2, Cco. Middleton St G: A2, Cco. Mildenhall: A2, Cco. Milfield: Ax, Cx. Mill Isle: A?, Cz. Millom: A2, Cx. Milltown: A2, Cx. Molesworth: A2, Cco. Mona: A2, Creq. Montford Bridge: Ax, Cx. Montrose: Ax, Cx. Moreton Valence: A2, C?. Moreton-in-Marsh: A2, Creq. Morpeth: A2, Cx. Mount Batten: A?, Cz. Mount Farm: A2, Cx. Mullaghmore: A2, Cx. Murlough: Ax, Cz. Needs Oar Point: Ax, C?. Netheravon: Ax, C?. New Romney: Ax, Cz. New Zealand Farm: A?, Cz. Newchurch: Ax, Cz. Newmarket: A2, Cx. Newton: Ax, Creq. Newtownards: Ax, C?. North Coates: Ax, Cx. North Creake: A2, Cx. North Killingholme: A2, Cx. North Luffenham: A2, Creq. North Pickenham: A2, Creq. North Weald: A2s, C?. North Witham: A2, Creq. Northleach: Ax, Cz. Northolt: A2, C?. Nuneaton: A2, Cx. Nuthampstead: A2, Cx. Nutts Corner: A2, Cco. Oakington: A2, Cco. Oakley: A2, Creq. Oatlands Hill: Ax, Cx. Oban: A2, C?. Odiham: A2, Cwip. Okehampton: Ax, C?. Old Buckenham: A2, Cx. Old Sarum: A1, Cx. Orfordness: A?, Cz. Orston: Ax, Cz. Ossington: A2, Cx. Oulton: A2, Cx. Ouston: A2, Cco. Overley: Ax, Cz. Overton Heath: Ax, Cz. Panshanger: Ax, Cx. Papplewick Moor: Ax, Cz. Pembrey: A2, Cx. Pembroke Dock: Afb, Cz. Penkridge: Ax, Cz. Penrhos: Ax, Cx. Penshurst: Ax, Cz. Peplow: Ax, Creq. Perranporth: Ax, C?. Pershore: A2, Cx. Perth: Ax, Cx. Perton: Ax, Cz. Peterborough: Ax, Cx. Peterhead: A2, Creq. Pocklington: A2, Cx. Podington: A2, Cx. Polebrook: A2, Creq + ext. Poole: A?, Cz. Port Ellen: Ax, Cx. Portland: A?, Cz. Portreath: A2, Cx. Portsmouth: A?, C?. Poulton: A2, Cx. Predannack: A2, Creq. Prestwick: A2, Cco. Rackheath: A2, Cx. Radlett: A?, C?. Ramsbury: A2, Creq. Ratcliffe: A?, Cz. Rattlesden: A2, Cx. Raydon: A2, Cx. Rearsby: A?, C?. Redhill: A2, C?. Rednal: Ax, Cx. Renfrew: A?, C?. Rhoose: Ax, C?. Riccall: A2, Cdd. Ridgewell: A2, Cco. Ringway: A2, C?. Rivenhall: A2, Cx. Roborough: Ax, Cx. Rochester: A?, C?. Rollestone: A?, Cz. Ronaldsway: Anav, C?. Rudbaxton: Ax, Cz. Rufforth: A2, Cx. Saltby: A2, Cx. Samlesbury: A?, C?. Sandtoft: A2, Cx. Sawbridgeworth: A2, C?. Scampton: A1, Creq. Scatsa: Ax, Cx. Scorton: A2, Creq. Sculthorpe: A2s, Cdd. Sealand: Ax, Cco. Seething: A2, Cx. Seighford: A2, Creq. Selsey: Ax, Cz. Shawbury: A2, Cco. Shellingford: Ax, Cx. Shepherds Grove: A2, Cx. Sherburn: A2, Cx. Shipdam: A2, Creq. Shobdon: Ax, Cx. Shoreham: Ax, C?. Shrewton: Ax, Cz. Sibson: Ax, C?. Silloth: A1m, Cco. Silverstone: A2, Cwip. Skeabrae: Ax, Cz. Skellingthorpe: A1, Cwip. Skipton-on-Swale: A2, Cx. Skitten: A2, Cdd. Slade Farm: Ax, Cz. Sleap: A2, Cx. Smiths Lawn: Ax, Cz. Snailwell: A2, Cz. Snaith: A2, Cwip. Snetterton: A2, Creq. Snitterfield: A2, Cx. Somersham: A?, Cz. South Cerney: A2, Cx. South Marston: A?, C?. Southam: Ax, Cz. Southend: Ax, C?. Southgrove: Ax, Cz. Southrop: Ax, C?. Spanhoe: A2, Cx. Speke: A2, C?. Spilsby: A2, Cwip. Spitalgate: Ax, Cx. Squires Gate: A2, Cx. St Angelo: Ax, Cx. St Athan: Ax, Cx. St Brides: A?, Cz. St Davids: A2, Cx. St Eval: A2, Cco. St Just: A?, Cz. St Mary's: Ax, Cz. St Mawgan: A2, Creq. St Merryn: Ax, Cz. Stanstead: A2, Cx. Stanton Harcourt: A2, Cwip. Stapleford Tawney: Ax, C?. Staplehurst: Ax, Cz. Starveall Farm: Ax, Cz. Staverton: Ax, Cx. Steeple Morden: A2, Cx. Stoke Orchard: Ax, Cx. Stoney Cross: A2, Cext. Stormy Down: Ax, Cx. Stornoway: A2, Creq. Stracathro: Ax, Cx. Stradishall: A1, Creq. Stratford: A2, Cx. Stravithie: Ax, Cz. Stretton: A2+nav, Cz. Strubby: A2, Cx. Sturgate: A2, Cx. Sudbury: A2, Cx. Sullom Voe: A?, Cz. Sumburgh: A2, Cx. Sutton Bridge: Ax, Cx. Swannington: A2, Cx. Swanton Morley: A2, Cco. Swinderby: A2, Creq. Swingfield: Ax, Cz. Syerston: A2, Creq. Sywell: Ax, Cx. Tain: A2, Cx. Talbenny: A2, Creq. Tangmere: A2, Creq. Tarrant Rushton: A2, C?. Tatenhill: A2, C?. Tatton Park: Ax, Cz. Tealing: Ax, Cwip. Teddesley Park: Ax, Cz. Templeton: A2, Cx. Tempsford: A1m, Cx. Ternhill: A2, Cx. Thame: A?, Cz. Theale: Ax, Cx. Tholthorpe: A2, Cx. Thornaby: A2, Creq. Thorney Island: A1, Cx. Thorpe Abbots: A2, Cx. Thruxton: A2, C?. Thurleigh: A2, Cco. Tibenham: A2, Cx. Tilshead: A?, C?. Tilstock: A2, Creq. Tiree: A2, Creq. Tollerton: Ax, Cz. Toome: A2, Creq. Topcliffe: A2, Creq. Townsend: Ax, Cz. Towyn: Ax, Cz. Trebelzue: A?, C?. Treligga: Ax, Cz. Tuddenham: A2, Cx. Turnberry: A2, Creq. Turnhouse: Ax, C?. Turweston: A2, Creq. Twatt: Anav, Cz. Twinwood Farm: A2, C? + ext. Upavon: Ax, Cco. Upottery: A2, Cx. Upper Heyford: A2, Cx. Upwood: A2, Cco. Usworth: Ax, Cx. Valley: A2, Cco. Waddington: A2, Creq. Wanborough: Ax, Cz. Warboys: A2, Creq. Warmwell: A2, C?. Warton: Ax, Cx. Warwick: Ax, Cz. Watchfield: Ax, Cco. Waterbeach: A2, Creq. Wath Head: Ax, Cz. Wattisham: A2, Cx. Watton: A2, Cx. Welford: A2, Creq. Wellesbourne M: A2, Cwip. Wellingore: Ax, Cz. Wendling: A2, Cx. West Freugh: A2, Creq. West Hartlepool: Ax, Cx. West Malling: A2, Cco. West Raynham: A2, Cx. Westcott: A2, Cx. Westhampnett: Ax, Cz. Westley: Ax, Cz. Weston Park: Ax, Cz. Weston Zoyland: A2, C?. Weston-o-t-Green: Ax, C?. Weston-s-Mare: Ax, Cz. Wethersfield: A2, Cx. Weybourne: A?, Cz. Wheaton Aston: A2, Creq. Whitchurch: A?, Cz. White Waltham: A?, C?. Whitefield: Ax, Cz. Wick: A2, Cx. Wickenby: A2, Cx. Wig Bay: A?, Cz. Wigsley: A2, Cx. Wigtown: A2, Creq. Windrush: Ax, Cz. Winfield: A2, Cdd. Wing: A2, Creq. Winkfield: Ax, C?. Winkleigh: A2, C?. Winkton: Ax, Cz. Winterseugh: Ax, Cz. Winthorpe: A2, Cx. Wisley: A?, C?. Witchford: A2, Cx. Wittering: A2, Creq. Woburn Park: Ax, Cz. Wolverhampton: Ax, Cx. Wombleton: A2, Cx. Woodbridge: A2s, Creq. Woodchurch: Ax, Cz. Woodford: A?, Cz. Woodhall Spa: A2, Cx. Woodhaven: A?, Cz. Woodley: Ax, Cx. Woodvale: A2, Creq. Woolfox Lodge: A2, Cx. Woolsington: Ax, C?. Worcester: Ax, Cx. Worksop: A2, Cx. Wormingford: A2, Cx. Worthy Down: Ax, C?. Wratting Common: A2, Cx. Wrexham: A2, C?. Wroughton: Ax, Cx. Wymeswold: A2, Creq. Wyton: A1, Cco. Yatesbury: Ax, Cx. Yeadon: A?, C?. Yeovilton: Anav, Cz. York: A2, Cext. Zeals: A2, C?
    Last edited by Carnaby; 09-07-2014 at 12:05. Reason: Audit updated Goxhill corrected

  4. #4
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    Default Re: WWII Airfield Ground Lighting Identification

    Contact Lighting

    The diagram shows how the units are arranged on the main runway. When installed during the construction of the runway (rare) they would be seven feet in from the runway edge.
    When added later they would be installed in concrete blocks six feet out from the edge. The latter are usually very difficult to find as they are usually covered over with earth, in the rare cases where the units have not been removed completely.
    Two places where they can often be located are:
    • Where the main crosses subsidiary runways - typically six units involved.
    • The two units forming the middle of the threshold bar (T3, T4 above) These are located 25 feet either side of the centre line, and 100 feet in from the runway end. (That's the theory - Davidstow's are noticably different).


    Concrete C/L housing and cast seating ring (removed from original location, found at Broadwell)



    Runway crossings and threshold fittings are usually associated with an equipment pit
    (Davidstow Moor)



    The discussion thread for this archive is HERE
    Last edited by tigger; 17-06-2012 at 21:01.

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