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Thread: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

  1. #1
    OTBC Paul Francis's Avatar
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    Apr 2008
    Ware, Herts

    Default Army Camps / Barracks Scotland


    Aberdeen 1st Scottish General Hospital

    Aberdeen, Bridge of Don / Gordon Barracks Used by Gordon Highlanders. Still in use

    Aberdeen, Castlehill Barracks Built 1791–96 for 600 men. Depot of The Gordon Highlanders. Closed 1935 and demolished in 1965, replaced by council tower blocks

    Aberdeen North & South Camps TF/TA Annual Camp

    Aberdeen, Woolmanhill WWII Aberdeen Sub-Area HQ

    Lynn Park, Maryculter WWII Army Camp occupied by Indian and Polish Forces

    Turriff, Aberdeen WWII Army Camp once occupied by Seaforth Highlanders


    Barry Buddon, Dundee Extensive camp since c.1850

    Glamis Volunteer/TF Annual Camp (1912)


    Acharacle, Dorlin House WWII No.3 Combined Operations Training Camp, HMS Dorlin

    Ardentinny WWII ‘Beach Party’ training camp (HMS Armadillo)

    Clochkell ? WWII Combined Operations Training Camp

    Dunoon, Castle Toward WWII No.2 Combined Training Centre, HMS Brontosaurus Ground force elements of HMS Dundonald

    Glenborrodale WWII Combined Operations Camp

    Glencripesdale WWII Combined Operations Camp

    Inveraray Camps: Avenue, Castle, Chamois, Duke’s, HMS Quebec, Kilbride, Shira, & Town WWII Combined Operations Camps

    Inverlochy Castle WWII Special Training School 38 (training Polish Special Forces)

    Roshven WWII Combined Operations Training Camp

    Strachur, Glenbranter WWII Combined Operations Camp HMS Pasco

    Tighnabruaich, Glen Caladh WWII Naval Beach Training Establishment, HMS James Cook


    Auchengate (Troon), Gailes Camp WWII Combined Operations Camp for RN Beach Commandos, HMS Dundonald I. Combined Signals School, HMS Dundonald II

    Ayr, South Park, Racecourse Road WWII Ayr Sub-Area HQ

    Ayr (AAF-570) WWII US Army 18th Hospital Train

    Ayr / Churchill Barracks Built 1795. Depot of The Royal Scots Fusiliers, Highland Light Infantry and Royal Highland Fusiliers. Renamed in 1942

    Barassie WWII Army Camp Iron

    Doonfoot Volunteer/TF Annual Camp

    Largs, HMS Quebec II Combined Ops Centre, mainly administrative. HQ Hollywood Hotel

    Largs, HMS Warren No.4 Combined Training Centre (RAF element in Vanduara Hotel)

    Gailes Volunteer/TF Annual Camp

    Loch Doon WWII Combined Operations Camp

    Prestwick WWII US Army 6th Field Hospital (400 beds). 25th Hospital Train; 57th Field Hospital (400 beds)


    Berwick (Ravensdowne) Barracks
    Built 1715-21. King's Own Scottish Borderers. Still in use, but part is a museum

    Magdalene Fields Volunteer/TF Annual Camp. WWII used by King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry


    Bute WWII Polish PoW Camp (interrogation of Polish soldiers prior to acceptance into Free Polish Forces units)


    Bendarroch, Gairlochhead WWII Combined Operations Camp

    Churchill, Helensburgh WWII RASC Depot

    Cardross WWII Army Camp

    Dumgoyne TA Annual Camp (NS5283)

    Dalmonach Barracks, Bonhill Formally the Dalmonach Turkey-Red Dye Works, founded at the end of the 18th Century. In 1942 the works became the Dalmarnock Barracks, housing an army training and Royal Artillery facility

    Garnfield? Gairlochhead WWII Combined Operations Camp (possibly Greenfield)

    Garnkirk WWII Army Camp

    Roseneath WWII Amphibious Training Centre for RN and USN

    Tullichewan Castle Camp, Balloch 1942–44 WRNS training base 1945–46 Holding base for Combined Operations personnel


    Hoddom Castle, Lockerbie WWII Army Camp

    East Lothian

    Aberlady / Longniddry Gosford House WWII 1st Regiment Motor Artillery Camp

    Dunbar WWII Special Training School STS 54B

    Dunbar, Castlepark Barracks WWII HQ of the 165th Officer Cadet Training Unit (OCTU)

    Gosford House WWII Army Camp

    Seton Park Post WWII TA Annual Camp (1959)


    Crossford, Dunfermline TA Annual Camp (NT1087)

    Newburgh FANY ATS Ambulance HQ

    Pettycur, Kinghorn TF/TA Annual Camp

    St Andrews WWII RAF 12 Initial Training Wing

    Tulliallan Castle, Kincardine WWII Polish Army HQ


    Buddon, Carnoustie TF/TA Annual Camp

    Kingoldrum, Kirriemuir WWII Tented Camp


    Achnacarry WWII Royal Navy Camp

    Arisaig House WWII SOE HQ and training facility

    Ferry Brae, Beauly WWII Army Camp

    Inverness, Cameron Barracks Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders Depot, built c.1886

    Inverness, Iona Hotel ? Ness Walk WWII North Highland Area HQ

    Lochailort, Inverailort Castle WWII Boat Officers School, HMS Lochailort, SOE HQ


    Primross, Rosyth ? RN Camp


    Netherlaw, Kirkcudbright WWII Army Camp and Tank Training area from 1942


    Carluke, Law Hospital WWII Military Hospital

    Hamilton Barracks, Muir Street RHQ and Depot of the Cameronians Scottish Rifles. Military Hospital

    Lanark, Winston Barracks Depot of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (NS904432)


    Bogs O'Mayne, Elgin TF/TA Annual Camp

    Cothill ? WWII Army Camp

    Cullerne, Findhorn WWII D-Day LCT Landings Practice Camp

    Pinefield, Elgin WWII Army Camp, known as Pinefield Barracks. Used post WWII


    Bangour War Hospital, Broxburn, Edinburgh WWI & WWII Military Hospital

    Crookston, Edinburgh (AAF number n/a) WWII HQ 448th AAA Automatic Weapons Aviation Battalion

    Edinburgh, Dalkeith Road WWII FANY HQ from January 1943

    Edinburgh, Craig Leith WWI 2nd Scottish General Hospital. Now Western General Hospital

    Edinburgh, Craigiehall, Cramond WWII RA and R Sigs camps. Post WWII Scottish Command HQ

    Edinburgh WWII 3 AA Division HQ

    Edinburgh 20 George Street WWII Edinburgh Area HQ. Now Hard Rock Café

    Edinburgh Barracks: Dreghorn, New, North, Redford Dreghorn built in Dreghorn Castle estate. New Barracks is in Edinburgh Castle
    Redford Barracks, Colinton, built 1908–15

    Fairmilehead, Edinburgh WWII Army Camp

    Glencorse (Greenlaw) Barracks, Milton Bridge Penicuik Built c.1803. Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) Expanded site is now HQ Army Training Regiment

    Liberton, Alnwick Road WWII HQ 52nd Searchlight Regiment and Camp

    Newbattle Abbey, Dalkeith WWII RAMC and ATS Camp. Army Formation College No.1 from 1945–49

    Portobello, Piershill Cavalry Barracks Built c.1795. In use until 1934. Since demolished

    Portobello, Marine Gardens, 'Woodville' 14 Abercorn Terrace WWI RFC No.9 Stores Distributing Park, also used Chocolate Factory and Skating Rink

    Redford, Edinburgh WWI Army Camp

    Riccarton House, Edinburgh WWII HQ, Scottish Command. Post WWII resettlement camp for ex-PoWs. 1947–54 HQ Royal Artillery 3rd AA Group. Demolished 1956

    West Pilton, Edinburgh WWII Army Ammunition Store & Camp. 519 Regiment, RA formed at West Pilton in 1947


    Fort George Volunteer/TF Annual Camp Fort completed c.1769 (NH762567) Formerly Seaforth Highlanders Depot


    Orkney, Stromness Hotel WWII Orkney Defences HQ

    Howton, Orphir WWII Army Camp

    Scapa Pier WWII RN Camp


    Cultybraggan, Comrie TF/TA Annual Camp, later PoW camp, currently training area

    Doune WWII Camp for Defence of N Scotland

    Dupplin Polish Military Hospital

    Perth, Craigie WWII South Highland Area HQ

    Perth, Balhousie Castle HQ of the Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment)

    Perth, Balthayock WWII FANY ATS HQ Scotland

    Taymouth Castle Polish Military Hospital

    Queen's Barracks, Perth Depot of the Black Watch until 1960. Since demolished


    Bellahouston Park, Glasgow WWII Army Camp

    Cloch Point by Gourock WWII Clyde Coast Defences

    Crookston, Area 'O' WWII US Army Camp, 49th Hospital Train, 62nd & 63rd Field Hospital, 50th General Hospital, 30th Medical Depot, 29th Ordnance Bomb Disposal Squadron

    Fort Matilda WWI Built c.1819 - now demolished

    Glasgow WWI 3rd and 4th Scottish General Hospital

    Glasgow Barracks: Maryhill, Walcheren Maryhill built 1872 Scots Greys & Highland Light Infantry, demolished 1960, Walcheren, located in Maryhill, opened 1985

    Glasgow, 12 Park Terrace WWII Glasgow Area HQ

    Glasgow, 5 Park Terrace
    WWII Glasgow & Clyde Sub-Area HQ

    Glasgow, Cowglen WWII US Army 5th Hospital Train, 23rd Hospital Train, 50th General Hospital (1,500 beds)

    Glasgow 'Hotspur'
    WWII US Army, 7th Port; 14th Port, 15th Postal Regional Section

    Greenock WWII RN Torpedo Factory

    Gourock WWII US Army Camp, 11th Ship Hospital

    Hawkhead, Paisley WWII Army Camp

    Ingliston, Bishopton WWII Camp associated with Royal Ordnance Factory Bishopton

    Kirklee, Glasgow WWII Camp

    Linwood WWII Army Camp

    Moncrieff House HQ Polish Forces Scotland

    Pollok Golf Club, Glasgow ? WWII US Military Hospital

    Shawfield, Glasgow WWII Army Camp

    Ross & Cromarty

    Achnasheen, Ledgowan Lodge WWII Combined Operations Training Area

    Aultguish, Garve WWII Combined Operations Camp

    Beauly ? WWII US 8th Air Force FSC ?

    Cromarty WWI Military Hospital, 226 beds, hutted

    Invergordon Dockyard WWII RN Camp


    Acre Knowe, Kirkton WWII Army Camp

    Bairns, Hawick ? Volunteer/TF Annual Camp

    Jedburgh WWII Station 53C (operational), manned by US & FANY personnel

    Melrose, Priorwood House WWII Border Sub-Area HQ

    Stobs, Hawick WWI & WWII Army Camp

    Winningtonrig, Hawick WWI Army Camp


    Lerwick WWII Shetland Defences HQ


    Polmaise TA Annual Camp

    Stirling Castle Barracks from 1800 to 1964 HQ of Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders,

    Townfoot? Volunteer/TF Annual Camp possibly near Drymen


    Lairg WWII Army Camp

    West Lothian

    Bo’ness HMS Stopford Major landing craft base. Possible Passive defence and balloon school

    Kinnaird House, Larbert, Falkirk HQ Polish Forces in Scotland

    Linlithgow FANY ATS Ambulance HQ


    Aird, Stranraer Army Transit Camp for US Army units arriving at Stranraer

    Burrowhead, Newton Stewart TA Annual Camp (1938). WWII AA Training Camp

    Innermessan, Cairnryan WWII Military Railway camp

  2. #2
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    Dec 2008
    Barton-Le-Clay, Bedforshire

    Default Re: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

    norwichpaul can you let me know where you get the reference below from please.....

    "Inverlochy Castle WWII Special Training School 38 (training Polish Special Forces)"

    The listing as STS38 is interesting me!

  3. #3
    OTBC Paul Francis's Avatar
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    Apr 2008
    Ware, Herts

    Default Re: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

    Sorry Jenna I am embarrased to say that particular reference was off the web and I have no idea.

  4. #4
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    Barton-Le-Clay, Bedforshire

    Default Re: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

    lol, nowt wrong with that its just had me a little foxed as I have a document that lists it as STS46.... looks like a bit more digging is required, back to the books!

    (before any points outs a lot of places credit Chichley Hall as STS46, that's true but it was only for just 1 year between '42 &'43....)
    Last edited by Jenna; 01-05-2012 at 22:07.

  5. #5
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    Default Re: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

    Quote Originally Posted by Jenna View Post
    norwichpaul can you let me know where you get the reference below from please.....

    "Inverlochy Castle WWII Special Training School 38 (training Polish Special Forces)"

    The listing as STS38 is interesting me!
    Inverlochy Castle is described as a guerilla warfare school and the "Allied Wing" of the Special Training Centre. It is said to have never been directly under SOE command. It all gets very complicated! The best source is Stuart Allan's book Commando Country which covers the whole history of the special forces, SOE, Commando etc from the early days at Inverailort (which was not SOE).

    Another excellent source on the various SOE places around Ariisaig is "Para-Military Training in Scotland During World War 2" by David M Harrison. This has the most comprehensive history of Inverlair from the person who set it up.

  6. #6
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    Default Re: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

    Winston Barracks in Lanark is now slowly being converted into a housing estate, so not much left, although 4 of the significant remaining blocks are being converted....

  7. #7
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    Oct 2011

    Default Re: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

    Cromarty WWI Military Hospital, 226 beds, hutted
    There is still an original WWI hut by the shore where the first seaplane trials were done. It is lived in by someone.

  8. #8
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    Oct 2011

    Default Re: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland



    Initially at Glen Feshie

  9. #9
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    Oct 2011

    Default Re: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

    The local museum had a exhibition about WWII a couple of years ago. There was a folder with a typed list of buildings requisitioned in WWII, they seem to be all WO so don't include RAF and RN. They are mostly around Lochaber but there are some outside that area but it does not include the whole of the Highlands.

    I copied out into a notebook then put into this file when I got home.

    I have not been able to find what the source was, it looks as if they had been copied from another document.

  10. #10
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    Dec 2008

    Default Re: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

    A Flickr set of the recent open day at Cultybraggan PoW Camp:

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